For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.

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The Visible Human Project at the U.

His former facilities at the university were unavailable to him since the anatomical institute had been bombed during the war. The argument in favor of this position is simple: The project confirmed that at least 1, bodies of executed persons were delivered to the University during the Nazi times and its usage cannot be excluded from at least images of the atlas. For illustrations he made inBatke similarly dated them by stylizing the two “4”‘s as Sig Runes.

All individuals involved in the research process at each step along the way have the obligation to evaluate the ethical content of the work, just as they evaluate the scientific content.

Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war.

Ethics and access to teaching materials in the medical library: the case of the Pernkopf atlas

Untersuchen zur anatamischen wissenschaft in Wien — Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Furthermore, it is unclear whether cadavers were at that time supplied pednkopf the Institute of Anatomy at the University of Vienna not only from the Vienna district court but also from pernkofp camps. Two days after the surrender, he was dismissed from his post as head of the university’s anatomical institute.


Medicine and Murder Others argue that the publisher’s suggestion that the scientific work of the author be considered separately from his beliefs is impossible, that a work cannot be separated from its creator [ 30 ].

Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas of anatomy or: Since then physicians have discussed whether it is ethical to use the atlas as it resulted from Nazi medical research.

Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. Med Ref Serv Q. This fact, however, does not negate the need for and utility of such a document. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

He argues that rejecting the hateful beliefs of Pernkopf and his fellow Nazis does not necessitate rejecting the elegant anatomic images they produced. Views Read Edit View history. His article is a must for anybody who wants to know more about this subject.

Yes, medical and other students of human anatomy could greatly benefit from this book, but mostly in conjunction with other books that offer didactic text, correlation with contemporary medical imaging modalities, such as CT, MRI and ultrasound, and increasingly, access to web based resources, such as interactive 3-D renderings, many additional images and complementary text and videos.

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What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

Only one library withdrew the book. He began his studies at the University of Vienna ‘s medical school in His anatomical atlas, the magnificently illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen Pernjopf of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomymaps the human body in exquisite detail and has been hailed as one of the most important anatomic atlases since the work of Vesalius.

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Register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles Access PDFs of free articles Manage your interests Save searches and receive search alerts. Eduard Pernkopf — was an ardent, politically active Austrian-Nazi; the signatures of the artists who painted the illustrations in his atlas include Nazi insignia.

Revisiting the infamous Pernkopf anatomy atlas : historical lessons for medical law and ethics

He was executed on August 5, Using this atlas allows these cadavers to speak to us from half a century ago. Most pointedly they said that The precise origins of the cadavers used in Pernkopf’s work are unknown, but evidence suggests they may have been victims of political terror.

Pernkopf instructed them to paint the organs they saw in as much detail as possible, to make them look like living tissue in print. Beautiful anatomical drawings were created, but this was only made possible by the unethical and unlawful procurement of the anatomical remains of murdered victims of an evil Nazi regime—thus beauty and evil were fused.

Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: The Pernkopf Atlas

They signaled this pernkopc the use of Nazi symbols in their work for the atlas. Must then each individual piece of their work be repudiated and tracked down and its removal from all currently available publications demanded? Pernkopf’s first issue included his plans for his journal.

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